Report from the UN Office for the coordination of Humanitarian Affairs on the 29, May 2018 indicates that the humanitarian community in Cameroon launched an Emergency Response Plan to respond to the most urgent humanitarian needs in the south-west and north-west regions of the country.

Humanitarian crisis in Cameroon: UN seeks US$15M to reach 160,000 internally displaced people in the next three months

The Plan, which is seeking US$15 million to deliver life-saving assistance and prevent further hardship for the affected population, is targeting 160,000 internally displaced people (90 per cent of whom are located in the south-west region) for an initial period of three months.

The situation in the south-west and north-west remains primarily a political and human rights crisis but is increasingly having humanitarian implications.

Recent needs assessments indicate that at least 160,000 people have been internally displaced in the two affected regions, and they need humanitarian and protection assistance over the next three months.

In addition, at least 21,000 Cameroonians have been registered as refugees in Cross River, Benue and Akwa Ibom States in Nigeria. Continue reading the report: UNOCHA

What is a humanitarian crisis?

Generally there is no conventional definition of humanitarian crisis, however, a succinct definition as provided by futurelearn will be “an event or series of events that represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security, or well-being of a community or other large group of people, usually over a wide area”.

Humanitarian crisis could be classified into 3

Man-made (armed conflict, plane crash, mass road or rail accidents)

Natural disaster (earthquake, volcanic eruption, floods, avalanches, epidemics, plagues, droughts)

Complex emergencies (involving a combination of man-made and natural disaster

When does the UN declare an L3 humanitarian crisis? read that in our next post.

The ongoing crisis in Cameroon poses a humanitarian crisis which falls under the man-made category. Nonetheless, in matter of principles, the UN Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs still maintains that “The situation in the south-west and north-west remains primarily a political and human rights crisis, but is increasingly having humanitarian implications”.

Concretely, the UN gives her justification that the crisis has reached the level where it needs humanitarian intervention by presenting assessed indicators warranting emergency relief plan for life-saving assistance

With assessment data such as at least 160,000 people have been internally displaced in the two affected regions, and they need humanitarian and protection assistance over the next three months. In addition, at least 21,000 Cameroonians have been registered as refugees in Cross River, Benue and Akwa Ibom States in Nigeria.

The UN respond to different types of humanitarian crisis in the World depending on scale and emergency. This may include the UN declaring a three ‘L3’ Emergencies. Which is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. (Yemen, Syria, Somalia, South Sudan)

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